What is the command to write a commit message in Git?

To write a commit message in Git, you need to use the “git commit” command. The basic syntax for committing changes is as follows:

git commit -m "Your commit message here"

Explanation:

  • git commit: This command creates a new commit with the changes you have staged (added) to the staging area (also known as the index).
  • -m: This option is used to specify the commit message directly on the command line, without opening a text editor. The commit message should be enclosed in double quotes (” “).

Here’s a step-by-step example of how to use the “git commit” command:

Let’s assume you have made changes to one or more files in your Git repository, and you want to commit those changes with a meaningful message.

  1. First, you need to stage the changes you want to include in the commit. You can do this using the “git add” command. For example, to stage all changes in the repository, you can use:
git add .

The “.” here is a shorthand for “all changes.”

  1. Next, you can create a commit with a message using the “git commit” command. For example:
git commit -m "Implemented new feature X"
  1. After running the “git commit” command, Git will create a new commit containing the changes you staged, and the commit message “Implemented new feature X” will be associated with that commit.

Remember to provide clear and descriptive commit messages that explain the changes made in the commit. A good commit message helps you and your team understand the purpose of the commit without having to examine the changes in detail.

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