What is git cherry-pick?

git cherry-pick is a Git command used to apply a specific commit from one branch to another. It allows you to pick individual commits and apply them selectively to another branch, effectively replicating the changes introduced by those commits on the target branch.

The basic syntax of git cherry-pick is as follows:

git cherry-pick <commit-hash>
  • <commit-hash>: The SHA-1 hash of the commit you want to apply to the current branch.

Here’s how git cherry-pick works:

  1. Ensure that you are on the branch where you want to apply the commit changes. You can use git checkout to switch to the target branch:
git checkout <target-branch>
  1. Identify the commit that you want to apply to the current branch. You can use git log to view the commit history and find the commit hash.
  2. Use git cherry-pick with the commit hash to apply the changes to the current branch:
git cherry-pick <commit-hash>
  1. If there are no conflicts, Git will automatically apply the changes from the specified commit to the target branch, creating a new commit with the same changes.
  2. If there are conflicts between the changes in the commit being cherry-picked and the existing code on the target branch, Git will pause the cherry-pick process and prompt you to resolve the conflicts manually. After resolving the conflicts, you need to use git add to stage the resolved changes and then run git cherry-pick --continue to continue with the cherry-pick process.
  3. Once all conflicts are resolved (if any), the cherry-pick is complete, and the changes from the commit are now applied to the target branch.

It’s important to note that git cherry-pick copies the changes introduced by the selected commit and applies them as new commits on the target branch. Therefore, the commit history may differ between the original branch and the target branch after cherry-picking.

git cherry-pick is particularly useful for selectively incorporating specific changes from one branch into another. However, be cautious when cherry-picking commits, especially across long-lived feature branches, as it can lead to duplicated code and complex histories. In such cases, other Git workflows like merging or rebasing might be more appropriate.

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