Domain Specific Tools

Domain specific tools are a type of application software that are specific in nature. They serve some specific purpose to the user. This means that application software is of two types that are generic or specific. To understand the domain specific tools let us know about application software.

Application Software

An Application Software is basically is a program or set of programs that perform a specific task. In addition to this, end-users use this software. Hence, the name end-user programs.

This software has two basic categories:

General-Purpose Software

General-purpose software performs a large range of specific basic tasks. They fulfill all the general tasks that a person needs to perform on the system. There are numerous applications that a user needs to perform. Among them, some variety of applications that are frequently used comes under this category. For example MS-Word, WordPad, MS-PowerPoint, MS-Excel, etc.

Customized Software/Domain Specific Tools

Sometimes people give the order to create certain special software according to their own specific requirements. Programmers generally develop such software on special demands. This software excludes the extra features of application software. Therefore, only such features are present which the user actually requires for his purpose.

This software is not available on the web. So, one cannot download or use them directly. Moreover, once the programmer creates the software, he gives it to the client with certain terms and rights. Due to these features, we can also name this software as tailor-made software.

For example, a beauty salon’s owner needs software to keep track of the bookings. Further, he requires to fix appointments or keep track of his products, etc.

Examples of Domain Specific Tools

Few examples are as follows:

1. School Management System

This software handles all the ongoing activities of a school. It manages things like attendance, student records, teacher’s records, time tables, training, report cards, examination, fees, admission, etc. Furthermore, there is a huge amount of data so it is very important to manage it.

2. Inventory Management

This software is used for the business of any raw or processed goods. Furthermore, it manages all the deliveries, stocks, purchase, sales, orders, etc. besides, it helps to keep track of the sales, it also keeps track of stocks, and helps to plan deliveries on time.

3. Payroll Management System

This software deals in managing the financial details of employees in an organization. It maintains things like employee’s salaries, bonuses, loans, perks, leaves, etc. Moreover, it generates the pay slip quite easily therefore, it helps to maintain all salary-related tasks efficiently. Besides, it is a secured software so only the admins can access the financial information. It is basically a part of the HR management software in organizations.

4. Financial Accounting

This software deals in all the financial aspects of an organization. It keeps a record of all the finance. Besides, it can perform the following functions:

  • Calculate the company’s profit or loss. Moreover, this can help people to decide things for the benefit of their company.
  • Determining the assets and liabilities of a company.
  • Keeping a record of all the financial transactions.
  • Deriving a financial statement from the records.
  • Sending reports and statements to stakeholders to keep them aware.

5. Restaurant/Hotel Management

It helps the hotel managers to keep track of data like customers’ records, employees’ records, inventory, maintenance, arrival and departure of guests, room/table booking, orders, etc.

6. Reservation System

This software manages various types of things such as:

  • Train routes
  • Arrival and departure of trains
  • Ticket booking
  • Train status
  • Train maintenance etc.

7. Weather Forecasting System

This software helps to predict the weather of an area. It does this by keeping a record of temperature, humidity, wind speed, wind direction, rain, etc. Moreover, it also helps to predict disasters in advance like earthquakes, hurricanes, tsunamis, etc.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q1. What are domain specific tools?

A1. Domain specific tools are a type of application software that are specific in nature. They serve some specific purpose to the user.

Q2. What is the other name for domain specific tools?

A2. We can also call this software customized software or tailor-made software.

Q3. Give a few examples of domain specific tools.

A3. Few examples are:

  • School management system
  • payroll management system
  • railway management system
  • Hotel management etc.

Q4. Give a few examples of generic software.

A4. Few examples are:

  • MS-Word
  • WordPad
  • MS-PowerPoint
  • MS-Excel etc.

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