Is GraphQL a Database Technology?
No, GraphQL is not a database technology. Instead, it is a query language and runtime for APIs. GraphQL provides a way for clients to request the data they need from a server in a flexible and efficient manner. The server, in turn, processes the client’s request and returns the requested data in the specified format.
GraphQL acts as an intermediary layer between the client and the actual database or data sources. It allows clients to describe their data requirements using a strongly typed schema, and then the server resolves these requests and fetches the data from various data sources, which could include databases, third-party APIs, file systems, or any other data storage systems.
In other words, GraphQL is a specification for how API queries and mutations should be structured and how data should be presented to the client. It doesn’t dictate how the data is stored or managed on the server side. The server’s implementation, which includes fetching data from databases or other sources, is up to the developers building the GraphQL API.
Many developers choose to implement GraphQL APIs on top of existing databases or data access layers to provide a more flexible and tailored approach to data retrieval for their clients. GraphQL’s ability to consolidate multiple data sources into a single API and allow clients to request only the data they need makes it a popular choice for modern applications.
So, to clarify, GraphQL is a query language and runtime for APIs, not a database technology itself. It can be used in combination with various database systems and other data sources to build powerful and efficient APIs for applications.