Best Govt Jobs after BSc in Biology

Best Govt Jobs after BSc in Biology

Students who are pursuing or have pursued BSc Biology courses are eligible for various government jobs after completing their degree. Some of the top most pursued government jobs after BSc Biology are that of Lab Technician, Biochemists, Lab Assistant, Lecturer etc. In order to clear the various entrance exams, aspirants can check various practice papers based on current affairs.

There are several government jobs after BSc Biology that can be applied to, across various states as tabulated below.

Top Government Jobs After BSc Biology

Job ProfilesJob DescriptionAverage Annual (INR)
Civil Service (IAS, IPS)An IAS officer has full administrative authority, including the ability to issue circulars, transfer employees, suspend employees, conduct surprise raids, check for events relating to Prime Minister or President visits, and more. An IPS officer’s responsibility is to uphold law and order, particularly during times of unrest, demonstrations, festivals, significant events, etc. An IPS also commands the police force and gives them instructions. The primary duty of an IPS officer is to protect the general population at all costIAS – 6.50 L – 14 L IPS – 6.50 L – 14 L
Assistant ProfessorAssistant Professors are experienced and qualified professionals who teach students across various colleges and universities.6.50 L – 11 L
RBI (Grade B) OfficerHandling the issuance and circulation of currency, ensuring the financial stability of the country, and managing government and central bank accounts are the major duties of a RBI Grade B Officer.8.40 L – 13 L
BiochemistsBiochemists create new drugs that are crucial in the fight against diseases like cancer. The chemical and physical underpinnings of living things and biological processes, such as cell growth, development, inheritance, and disease, are studied by biochemists and biophysicists.3.60 L – 7.88 L
SSC CGLAlso termed as Staff Selection Commission, this exam conducted by the Government of India majorly hires freshers and professionals for various fields such as Sub Inspector, Enforcement Officers, Teachers, Audit Officers, Income Tax Officers, Upper Division Clerks etc5 L – 11.20 L
Lab AssistantLab Assistants are in charge of working with complicated systems to support the operation of scientific projects and processes, to properly record the results, and to support standard laboratory operations.2.40 L- 4 L
RRB NTPCRRB NTPC are in charge of keeps track of transactions involving receipts and outlays by conducting internal audits2.17 L – 4.55 L
Lab TechnicianLab Technicians are scientific and technical workers who support scientists in laboratories. This frequently entails working with complicated systems to support the operation of scientific projects and processes, to properly record the results, and to support standard laboratory operations.2.40 L- 4 L
Police ConstablePolice Constables are in charge of Enforcing municipal, provincial/territorial, and federal laws. as well as apprehending and transporting criminals to jail. Police Constables are also responsible for comprehending legal documents, such as a citation, warrant, or affidavit.2.75 L – 5 L
Assistant NurseAssistant Nurses are in charge of checking patients’ clothing, food, and bathing. Assistant Nurses are also in charge of checking the patient’s vital signs. They also serve food, make beds, and maintain a tidy environment help with some medical procedures and set up medical equipment1.80 L – 3 L

Government Jobs After BSc Biology

There are several government jobs after BSc Biology, out of which some of the top and most pursued government jobs include SSC, UPSC, Public Sector Banking jobs such as IBPS PO, IBPS Clerk and many others. The varied segregations across these government jobs help aspirants understand their niche and area of expertise.

The sections below will discuss some of the top government jobs that can be pursued only after completing BSc Physics, along with their necessary prerequisites for your reference.

Agriculture Research Service

Setting up a cutting-edge educational model and conducting research for its use in agriculture, agroforestry, animal husbandry, fisheries, home science, and allied sciences are the two main goals of the Agriculture Research Service. The average age limit to join the Agriculture Research Service is between 21- 32 years. The average grade pay for Agriculture Research Service is INR 4,200 per month.

Biotechnology Firms

The major duties of employees of various Biotechnology Firms is to Design, implement and monitor research studies in a laboratory that utilize living organisms (such as food, cells, tissues or bacteria) and perform data analysis to interpret experiment results and produce findings reports as well as give presentations to other members of staff. The average age limit for joining any government Biotechnology Firms in India is between 21 – 35 years. The average grade pay for any government Biotechnology Firms in India is INR 3,800 per month.

Botanical Gardens

Employees of the Botanical Gardens are in charge of aiding with nursery and restoration operations, including the removal of invasive species, and plant propagation. executing and organizing assistance for repairs at pertinent places. supporting special Conservancy events acquiring goods and keeping track of costs. The average grade pay for Botanical Garden employees is INR 3,800 per month.

Wildlife and Fisheries Department

The Department is in charge of formulating policies and plans for the development of inland, marine, and coastal fisheries as well as fishery institutes, such as the Central Institute of Fisheries Nautical and Engineering Training (CIFNET) in Kerala and the Fishery Survey of India in Mumbai. The average grade pay is INR 4,600 per month.

BSc Biology Government Jobs

Apart from the regular BSc Chemistry jobs, candidates can also choose to pursue government jobs across various top ministries as tabulated below for your reference.

The sections below will discuss the list of top 10 government jobs after BSc Biology along with their eligibility criteria, job responsibilities, vacancies and salaries and for your reference.

Civil Service

  • About the Exam: The Civil Service Exam is a national competitive exam administered by the Union Public Service Commission. Recruitment for the exam is done for various departments and ministries such as Indian Administrative Service, Indian Foreign Service, Indian Police Service etc. Civil Service exams are usually conducted in 3 phases: the preliminary exams, the main exam and the final round of GD / PI.
  • Eligibility: In order to be eligible for Civil Service exams, candidates must complete their graduation in any subject and stream with a minimum aggregate score of 45% from a recognised university.
  • Approximate Vacancy: There are more than 1,011 overall vacancies for the Civil Service jobs.
  • Grade Pay: The average grade pay of a civil servant is INR 8,700.
  • Job Responsibilities: The job responsibilities of a Civil Servant are as follows,
    • The civil servants are in charge of carrying out government-formulated laws and policies.
    • Civil servants are mostly in charge of formulating policies. In addition to offering advice to ministers, the civil service officers also give them information and concepts.
    • The civil servants provide permanency and stability in an environment of political turmoil.
    • The civil servants also provide quasi-judicial services by using tribunals and other forums to resolve conflicts between the government and its constituents.
  • Scope: Being a government employee, after gaining substantial years of experience candidates can expect promotions in their departments along with a rise in their salaries as well.

Assistant Professor

  • About the Exam: Candidates aspiring to become Assistant Professor have to clear various entrance exams such as NET, GMAT, CSIR UGC-NET, NBHM Entrance Exams etc. Assistant Professors are incharge of teaching or imparting knowledge about the concerned subject of their specialization to students who have opted for that particular field of study.
  • Eligibility: Candidates aspiring to become Assistant Professor should first complete their graduation in any field (preferably the subject that they want to teach or specialize in) from a recognized University with a minimum score of 45% aggregate marks or equivalent CGPA. After completing graduation they must pursue a postgraduate degree in a relevant field with a minimum score of 50% aggregate marks. Though it is not a mandatory aspect, some colleges hire candidates who have cleared NET, GMAT for the post of Assistant Professors. However it is advisable that students pursue PhD in related subjects for a hassle free career.
  • Approximate Vacancy: There are approximately 491 vacancies for Assistant Professors all over India.
  • Grade Pay: The average grade pay of an Assistant Professor in India is INR 7,000.
  • Job Responsibilities: The basic responsibilities of an Assistant Professor include,
    • The primary job of an Assistant Professor is to teach and impart knowledge to their students
    • They are also in charge of conducting research and publishing its result across various journals
    • They guide students and also provide public, departmental and university service
  • Scope: The scope of an Assistant Professor is vast considering the utility and importance of the job profile. After gaining substantial years of experience being an Assistant Professor, candidates can get promotions along with an impressive salary hike. Some of the upgraded designations after Assistant Professor are,
    • Professor
    • Senior Professor
    • Dean / Director
    • Pro Vice- Chancellor
    • Vice-Chancellor
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RBI (Grade B) Officer

  • About the Exam: The RBI Grade B Officer Exam is held annually to choose qualified applicants for the job of Grade B officer at the Reserve Bank of India’s numerous branches throughout the nation. The Reserve Bank of India attracts millions of applicants each year to sit for this exam thanks to its outstanding Grade Pay and reputable job profile. Three phases of a nationwide competitive examination—a preliminary and main exam, then an interview—will be used to select RBI Grade B Officers.
  • Full Form: Reserve Bank of India (Grade B) Examination
  • Eligibility: The eligibility criteria for RBI (Grade B) exams are listed below for your reference,
    • Candidates must be at least 21 years old to sit for the RBI Grade B test
    • Although candidates from other restricted categories have a varying upper age limit, i.e. 3, 5, 10, 13, and 15 years for OBC, SC/ST, PH, PH + OBC, and PH + SC/ST respectively
  • Approximate Vacancy:The total number of vacancies for RBI (Grade B) officers is approximately 238.
  • Grade Pay: The average grade pay of an RBI (Grade B) officer is INR 6,800.
  • Job Responsibilities: The basic duties of an RBI (Grade B) officer are listed below,
    • Handling the Currency Issue and its Circulation which includes managing the currency and making sure it is properly exchanged and circulated.
    • Assuring the Financial Stability: This entails maintaining the inflow of cash and the maintenance of the bank’s order by ensuring a sufficient supply of liquidity for the nation’s productive sector.
    • Managing numerous state and federal government accounts by performing merchant banking tasks on their behalf is a part of handling government and central bank accounts.
  • Scope: After joining as RBI (Grade B) Officers and gaining substantial experience candidates can expect to get promoted to the following positions as listed below,
    • Assistant Manager
    • Manager
    • Assistant General Manager
    • Deputy General Manager
    • General Manager
    • Chief General Manager
    • Principal Chief General Manager
    • Executive Director
    • Deputy Governor
    • Governor


  • About the Exam: Biochemists can work across various government offices which includes, hospitals, forensic science departments, national blood service departments, cancer research institutes, scientific laboratories etc. There are various entrance exams that are conducted for hiring Biochemists across various positions such as GSAT, NET, AIIMS Biochemistry Entrance Exams, JMIEE etc. After successfully clearing the entrance exams candidates are then called for a GD / PI round, in which post clearing candidates are enrolled across top Universities and colleges.
  • Eligibility: The minimum eligibility criteria required for being able to sit for these entrance exams are that, students must complete their class 12 board exams preferably in Science stream, followed by completing graduation in Biology or Biochemistry with a minimum score of 50% aggregate or equivalent CGPA from a recognised university.
  • Approximate Vacancy: The current vacancy for Biochemists can be estimated to 4,506.
  • Grade Pay: The average grade pay of a Biochemist is INR 5,400.
  • Job Responsibilities: Some of the major responsibilities of a Biochemist are listed below for your reference,
    • Biochemists study the role, purpose, and structure of biomolecules
    • A biochemist investigates the chemistry of biological functions like cell division, respiration, and digestion as well as changes in life energy like growth, aging, and death.
    • Biochemists investigate ways to pass traits from one organism to another, like disease resistance.
    • They create and evaluate novel pharmaceuticals and medical treatments for commercial distribution.
    • They design and construct various laboratory tools required for each specific research projects
  • Scope: Biochemist is an upcoming profession for individuals who are interested in strengthening their knowledge of biochemical principles and applying them to solve difficulties in daily life. Several intriguing developments are now being processed in the field of biochemistry, across both private and government institutions who are conducting research to examine their potential applications. Some of the major areas of scope for an upcoming Biochemist profession include,
    • Genome Editing
    • Stem Cell Treatments
    • DNA Vaccines
    • Nano-enabled medical products
    • Bioinformatics


  • About the Exam: SSC CGL is a combined graduate level examination that is conducted to select candidates for various Group B and Group C positions for various Ministries and government departments.
  • Full Form: Staff Selection Commision – Combined Graduate Level Exam
  • Eligibility: The basic eligibility criteria for applying for SSC CGL exams are listed below,
    • Candidates must complete their class 12 board exams from a recognized board with a minimum score of 45% aggregate or equivalent CGPA in any subject or stream
    • They must complete their graduation from a recognized University with either of the mandatory subjects like Economics / Statistics / Mathematics
    • Candidates must be between 18 – 32 years of age in order to be eligible for applying for SSC CGL jobs
  • Approximate Vacancy: The approximate number of vacancies for SSC CGL jobs are 3,024.
  • Grade Pay: The average grade pay post clearing SSC CGL exam is INR 4,600.
  • Job Responsibilities: There are several bifurcations job profile wise for SSC CGL jobs. Some of the job profiles include Audit Officer, Accounts Officer, Section Officer etc. The major responsibilities for SSC CGL employee are as follows,
    • They do audits in the public sector and government organizations. They also have to travel while conducting audits.
    • They are also in charge of data entry jobs, transaction processing, and recording as well as providing support for audits.
    • Preventing forgery and money laundering
    • Helping with data input, preparing paperwork, and tabulation
  • Scope: The SSC CGL exam is controlled by the Staff Selection Commission. In accordance with the various positions they are appointed to, the candidates who are chosen through the exam have a variety of responsibilities. Their salaries, titles, and qualifications vary from one another depending on their positions and job profile such as Audit Officer, Accounts Officer, Section Officer, Inspector, Sub – Inspector, Junior Statistical Officer etc.

Lab Assistant

  • About the Exam: In order to become a Lab Assistant, candidates must clear various entrance exams such as RSMSSB and various SSC exams such as WBSSC, DSSC etc for each state, where in the Lab Assistants are hired as Group-D staff.
  • Eligibility: In order to become a government aided Lab Assistant, candidates must
    • First complete their class 12 board examination in Science stream, followed by pursuing graduation from a recognized University.
    • Candidates with adequate knowledge of scientific instruments are preferred over candidates with no prior experience or knowledge. Candidates between the age group of 18 – 25 years are eligible to apply for the post of a Lab Assistant.
    • Candidates from SC / ST / OBC categories are given relaxation on the upper age limit.


  • About the Exam: Under the Ministry of Railways, Government of India, the Railway Recruitment Control Board is the government’s hiring body for Group C and Group D non-gazetted engineering and civil service positions with Indian Railways.
  • Full Form: Railway Recruitment Board – Non Technical Popular Categories
  • Eligibility: The minimum eligibility criteria for applying for RRB NTPC exams are as follows,
    • Candidates who have completed their class 12 board examination are eligible for applying for this examination
    • Candidates with a Diploma or graduate degree are not eligible for this post
  • Approximate Vacancy: There are approximately 35,281 vacancies for RRB NTPC posts currently.
  • Grade Pay: The average grade pay for RRB NTPC staff is INR 2,800.
  • Job Responsibilities: the duties of an RRB NTPC employee depends on his / her job profile, however some of the basic duties of an RRB NTPC employee are as follows,
    • Keeps an internal audit of all receipts and outlays for transactions.
    • Works as per the railway time network.
    • Keep a record of the train schedule.
    • Work in rotational shifts
    • Creates a document for vehicle guidance.
    • Keeps track of the train’s condition and provides data to the railway network terminal.

Scope: After getting through the exams, candidates can expect gradual promotion as well as salary hike with gradual rise in experience.

Lab Technician

  • About the Exam: Candidates must first complete their BSc Biology course followed by preparing for various entrance exams in order to become a Lab Technician. Some of the top government exams that are conducted for hiring freshers as well as experienced candidates for the post of Lab Technicians are DMLT, MLT, DLT, PGDMLT and BMLT. After clearing the entrance exams, candidates then are required to appear for GD / PI rounds wherein they are judged on their nursing and other relevant skills and capabilities.
  • Eligibility: The minimum eligibility criteria that are essential in order to become a Lab Technician is that students must complete their Graduation in relevant subjects such as BSc, MSc or Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology with a minimum aggregate score of 45% or equivalent CGPA from a recognised University.
  • Approximate Vacancy: There are more than approximately 1,500 government Lab Technician jobs across the central government, State governments, government hospitals, NHM and other related departments across the country.
  • Grade Pay: The average grade pay for government Lab Technicians is INR 2,400.
  • Job Responsibilities: Some of the duties of a Lab Technician are listed below,
    • Sample collection, labeling, and analysis (blood, toxic, tissue etc.)
    • Designing and carrying out laboratory tests in accordance with standards.
    • Carrying out experiments in a controlled environment to confirm or refute different kinds of hypotheses.
  • Scope: Blood banking, clinical chemistry, hematology, immunology, microbiology, cytotechnology, urine analysis, and blood sampling are some of the specialties covered in this field. There are ‘n’ different professions that potential employees can choose from. The course’s breadth has increased as a result of the course’s expansion in terms of what you can learn over time.
    • CT scan technicians
    • MRI technicians
    • X-ray Technicians
    • Dental Machine Technician
    • Operation Theater Technician
    • MRI Technician
    • Pathology Technician
    • Physiotherapy Technician

A candidate may also choose to pursue a profession in education in addition to the aforementioned options. After receiving their degrees, the students pursue careers in medical laboratory technology.

Police Constable

  • About the Exam: Police Constable exams are held in order to hire efficient and effective candidates for the post of Constable. Recruitments are held both centrally and as well as on the requirement of each state. Different states have their own Police constable entrance exams, however there is only one entrance exam for the central government which is open for all candidates, who are residents of India.
  • Eligibility: In order to become a Police Constable candidates must
    • Clear their Class 12 board exams in any stream, followed by completing Graduation with a minimum score of 50% or above aggregate from a recognised University.
    • The age limit usually varies for state police recruitment,however for central police constable recruitment the average age limit ranges from 21 – 27 years.
  • Approximate Vacancy: The overall vacancy for Police Constable can be numbered to approximately 358 as of now.
  • Grade Pay: The average grade pay of a Police Constable is INR 2,000.
  • Job Responsibilities: The basic duties of a Police Constable include,
    • Enforce local, State/provincial and Federal laws
    • Identify legal documents like a citation, a warrant, or an affidavit.
    • Form connections with the neighborhood
    • Operate an assigned law enforcement vehicle
  • Scope: After gaining substantial years of experience Police Constables are promoted to Head Constable and Sergeant to Officer Incharge depending on their level of dedication and work.

Assistant Nurse

  • About the Exam: Candidates aspiring to become Assistant Nurse, have to qualify for the entrance examination that are conducted by various government bodies, such as Indian Army Nursing Exam, AIIMS, JIPMER, UBTER Nurse Recruitment, CRPF Paramedical Staff and others.
  • Eligibility: The various eligibility criteria for becoming an Assistant Nurse are listed below,
    • Candidates must complete their class 12 board examination with mandatory subject combination of Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Mathematics and English, with an overall aggregate score of 50% or equivalent CGPA
    • They must complete their graduation in Nursing courses or Post Basic Nursing Courses with a minimum aggregate of 50% or above
  • Approximate Vacancy: There are approximately 1,192 Assistant Nurse vacancies across all government bodies.
  • Grade Pay: The average grade pay of an Assistant Nurse in India is INR 1,500.
  • Job Responsibilities: The major responsibilities of an Assistant Nurse are as follows,
    • They feed, bathe and dress patients
    • Obtain the patient’s vital signs.
    • Make beds, clear tables, and serve food.
    • Set up medical equipments and they also help in assisting with various medical procedures
    • Respond to pleas for assistance by patients and keep an eye out for changes in a patient’s state or behavior.
  • Scope: For the most part, Assistant Nurses work in an indoor medical facility. They might work for non-governmental organizations, the Indian Armed Forces, nursing homes, childcare facilities, and community health centers. They are strong enough to lift, turn, support, and move patients. Additionally, they frequently possess the mental stability needed to deal with illnesses, sicknesses, and fatalities on a daily basis. After gaining substantial years of experience, Assistant Nurses are promoted to Nurse and then to Head Nurse, along with an increase in their pay as well.

The table below will thus elucidate the top 10 government jobs on the basis of the average salaries drawn, that can be pursued after BSc Biology for your reference,

Top 10 Government Jobs After BSc BiologyGrade Pay
Civil Service8,700
Assistant Professor7,000
RBI (Grade B) Officer6,800
SSC CGL4,600
Lab Assistant2,800
Lab Technician2,400
Police Constable2,000
Assistant Nurse1,500


Ques: What are the jobs after BSc biology?

Ans: Some of the top BSc Biology are as follows,

  • Biology Technician.
  • Molecular Biologist.
  • Biological Scientist.
  • Ecologist.
  • Botanist.
  • Agricultural Consultant.
  • Wildlife Conservationist.
  • Biology Content Developer.

Ques: Which government job is best for biology students?

Ans: Top Careers for Biology Majors Medical and health services manager, biological technician, biochemist, genetic counselor, health communications specialist, health educator, pharmaceutical / medical product sales representative.

Ques: Which course is best after BSc biology?

Ans: The best course after BSc Biology are,

  • Master of Philosophy in Plant Biology and Plant Biotechnology.
  • Doctor of Philosophy in Biological Sciences.
  • Doctor of Philosophy in Plant Molecular Biology.
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Computational Biology.
  • Master of Business Administration.

Ques: Which B.Sc biology course has highest salary?

Ans: Some of the top Biology course with high salary are as follows,

  • BSc Nursing.
  • BSc Nutrition and Dietetics.
  • B.Sc. Clinical Research.
  • BHMS course.
  • Bachelor of Pharmacy.
  • BSc Psychology.
  • BSc Forensic Science.
  • BSc Optometry.

Ques: Which field of biology has more scope?

Ans: Some of the top Biology with more scope are Biochemistry, Biophysics, Microbiology, Mycology etc

Ques: Can biology student apply for railway?

Ans: You are qualified to take the Loco Pilot exam, yes. You must take the RRB exam. Railways Recruitment Board is known as RRB.

Ques: Can a bio student give SSC CGL?

Ans: Yes, anyone with a degree in any field is eligible to take the SSC cgl exam. A level 10 mathematics exam will be given. Therefore, anyone can take the SSC cgl exam, including biology students.

Ques: How can I become a doctor after BSc biology?

Ans: Candidates can study BSC or another bachelor’s degree, followed by master’s and doctoral degrees, and are then referred to as doctors. If you pursue a degree in microbiology, you must first complete the DMLT (Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology) programme. Thereafter, you must pass an entrance exam, and after completing the M.D. programme, you will be referred to as a doctor.

Ques: What can I do if I study biology?

Ans: Some of the top careers that can be pursued after BSc Biology are,

  1. Research scientist.
  2. Pharmacologist.
  3. Biologist.
  4. Ecologist.
  5. Nature conservation officer.
  6. Biotechnologist.
  7. Forensic scientist.
  8. Government agency roles.

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